Mountains are a very important and beautiful physical feature of land. It boasts glaciers, diverse species of plants and animals and many types of rocks. They also enhances the natural beauty of its surroundings and makes a place favorite to tourists and mountain climbers. 8 out of 10 highest mountains of world are situated in Nepal and thus Nepal is famous for its high mountains. We would like to clear the difference between the tallest mountain and the highest mountain before we go any further. Tallness of a mountains means the height of a mountain from its base to its top while the highest means the total height of the mountain from sea level to its top peak. So here we are going to list mountains based on their height from the sea level. Check out the list of Top 10 Highest mountains of the World:
10. Annapurna I
Annapurna I is the 10th on the list of highest mountains of the world. Annapurna has 6 major peaks, all situated in Nepal i.e., Annapurna I, Annapurna II, Annapurna III, Annapurna IV, Gangapurna and Annapurna South and they cover a large range area of about 55 kilometers. The highest peak of them all is Annapurna I which has a height of 26,545 ft (8,091 m). In 1950, two hikers named Louis Lachenal and Maurice Herzog were the first ever people to be able to climb Annapurna I. After that Maurice Herzog wrote a book named Annapurna about his whole expedition. That book is thought to be one of the best climbing books ever written. It made record sales in millions.
9. Nanga Parbat
This one is the 9th on the list of highest mountains in the world and 2nd on the list of highest mountains in Pakistan. It is situated on southern side of Indus River in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. It is also known as the killer mountain because so many hikers lost their lives in the early 20th century while trying to climb it. Nanga Parbat is one of the most tough mountains when it comes to climbing, because of its dangerous curves and routes. It proves to be one of the most difficult and deadliest task for hikers. Now that explains why it is called the killer mountain. The height of Nanga Parbat is 26,660 ft (8,125 m). In 1953, an Australian climber named Hermann Bahl was the first one to ever climb it. He was a member of a joint German and Australian climbing team.
This mountain is situated in Mansiri, Nepal. It comes 8th on the list of highest mountains of the world. It has a recorded height of 26,781 ft (8,163 m). In 1956 T. Imanishi from Japan became the 1st ever person to climb Manaslu. After that, more than 300 hikers have succeeded in doing so. From far away Manaslu looks like ice made Petronas Towers, because of two separate ice peaks pointing the sky can be seen. Manaslu means ‘Mountain of the spirit’. One of the most interesting things about this mountain is the surrounding rock hard ice which covers a large area at the bottom of the mountain. The tourists love it!
Dhaulagiri comes 7th on the list of highest mountains of the world. It is also situated in Nepal. ‘Dhaulagiri’ has many meanings but most common and well known ones are ‘White Mountain’, ‘beautiful’ and ‘dazzling’ etc. The recorded height of Dhaulagiri is 26,795 ft (8,167 m). It was first climbed by a Swiss and Australian team lead by two amazing mountain climbers named Max Eiselin and Lucerne. All those people who love ice should definitely visit Dhaulagiri once in their life. It is very beautiful.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu comes 6th on the list of highest mountains of the world. It is situated on the border lines of Nepal and China. It is also said that Cho Oyu differentiates the sides of two countries. The recorded height of Cho Oyu is 26,864 ft (8,188 m). From a hiker’s point of view, it is one of the most easiest mountain to climb from the list of highest mountains of the world. Now how is that possible, as it is the 6th highest mountain in the world?! Well, it is so because of the fact that it has moderate slopes, which makes it easier to climb. Quite technical. Although climbing any high peak is always a very tough task, but some people just love to push it to the limits.
Makalu has a recorded height of 27,766 ft (8.485 m) and thus it comes 5th on the list of highest mountains of the world. Just like Cho Oyu, Makalu is also situated on the border between Nepal and China. One thing that makes it stand out from all the rest in this list is the fact that it has a clear four sided pyramid-like structure from the top area of the peak. Makalu has very sharp edges and steep pitches, making it quite tough to climb. In 1955, Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy succeeded in climbing Makalu.
Lhotse comes 4th on the list of highest mountains of the world and it is situated on the border of China and Nepal, just like the two above. Its recorded height is 27,940 ft (8,516 m). Lhotse is famous for many things such as its connectivity with Mount Everest, its extremely dangerous and dramatic rocky routes, its steepest face of about 3.2 km which makes it one of the steepest faces of the world! It is known to be one of the most deadly mountains of the world, because of many failed attempts and fatalities while trying to climb it. In 1956, Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger succeeded in climbing this peak. Then after a large time span of 45 years, it was again climbed.
Kangchenjunga has a recorded height of 28,179 ft (8,586 m), making it 3rd on the list of highest mountains of the world. It is situated on the border of India and Nepal in the Himalayan Range. Kangchenjunga means “Five Treasures of Snow”, because it has 5 peaks in total which have huge amount of ice on them all. One thing that makes Kangchenjunga different is that the landscapes of this large mountain are shared with four countries i.e, Bhutan, Nepal, India and China. In 1955, Joe Brown and George Band succeeded in climbing it for the first time in the world.
2. K2 (Karakoram 2)
K2 is the 2nd on the list of highest mountains of the world. Its recorded height is 28,250 ft (8,611 m), which makes it the 2nd highest in the Himalayas too. It is situated between the border of China and Pakistan. The name K2 stands for the 2nd peak in the Karakoram range. Climbing K2 is an extremely difficult task, but still about 250 climbers have succeeded in reaching the top of K2. In 1954, an Italian expedition were teh first one to climb it. After that, for a time span of next 23 years, no one was successful in climbing it again. We all know that climbing K2 is a very tough task, but even reaching it is an endurance test. You have to take an 18 hour bus ride to Himalayas and foothills from Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan. Then 7 more hours on rough roads that lead to a roughest place of waste land which has to be crossed on foot. After a 40 hours track up rocky fields of ice and snow you will finally get a glimpse of K2. It is a huge ice pyramid that stands away from all the rest of the peaks of Karakoram.
1. Mount Everest
Mount Everest boasts a recorded height of 29,035 ft (8,848 m) and it comes 1st on the list of highest mountains of the world. It is situated on the border of China and Nepal. It is known by many names in many different languages but the most common of them all is “Mother of all mountains”. It is a dream of every climber to climb Mount Everest once in his life and the reason for it is obviously the fact hat it is the highest mountain on the planet. In May 1953 two legendary climbers named Tenzing Norgay Sherpa from Nepal and Edmund Percival Hillary from New Zealand became the first ever people on earth to climb Mount Everest. Climbing Mount Everest is not only tough because it is the highest mountain in the world but also because of its technical challenges like having soaring height above its base and extremely steep slopes. Even the most experienced climbers find it difficult to climb!