Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU) published it 4th democracy index report for the year 2011 (as of beginning of December). This index gives a brief picture of the world wide democracy including 165 independent states, 2 territories and covering almost all of the world’s population and independent states excluding micro states. Ranking is done on basis of Overall Democracy Index which is based on 5 categories: electoral process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture. Four different regimes: full democracies; flawed democracies; hybrid regimes; and authoritarian regimes are used for placing countries. For democracy fair and free elections and civil liberties are essential requirements of democracy. It reveals that almost one-half of the population of the world lives in some sort of democracy, although 11% only reside in full democracies. More than one-third of the world’s population, some 2.6bn people, still lives in the authoritarian rule (with a large share being in China).
According to this index, world’s top 10 democratic countries are as follows with their measurement scoring in correspondence to EIU:
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Top 10 Fully Democratic Countries of 2011
Netherlands stands at rank 10 with an overall score of 8.99 in democracy index, 2011. Electoral process got 9.58, government functioning is 8.93, political participation is 8.89, political culture is 8.13 and civil liberties got 9.41 scoring. Score for 2010 and 2011 remained the same as 8.99 and for both years the country stays on same rank. Capital of Netherland is “Amsterdam”. It has population of 16,691,100. Per capita is $47,172 and nominal GDP is $783.293 billion.
Rank 9 is for Finland in 2011, having the overall score of 9.06. Electoral process attains score 10, score 9.64 for government functioning, political participation is 7.22, political culture attains score 8.75, and civil liberties receives score of 9.71. In 2010 it was on rank 7 with an overall scoring of 9.19. Country’s capital is “Ottawa”. Its population is 34,575,000. GDP (nominal) is $1.574 trillion, with per capita of $46,215.
Canada is on rank 8 in 2011 for democracy index having overall score of 9.08. Electoral process receives 9.58, government functioning is 9.29, political participation attains 7.78, political culture is 8.75 and civil liberties got score of 10. In 2010 Canada was on rank 9 with same overall scoring 9.08. Canada’s capital city is “Bern”. Population of country is 7,866,500 having a nominal GDP of $512.065 Billion with $75,835 per capita.
In 2011, Switzerland is on rank 7 for the overall scoring 9.09. Electoral process attains score 9.58, score 9.29 for government functioning, political participation receives 7.78, political culture attains score 9.38, and civil liberties receives score of 9.41.In 2010, Switzerland stands on rank 8 with same scoring of 9.09. Its capital city is “Helsinki”. Its GDP (nominal) is $239.232 Billion with $44,488 per capita income and a population of 5,388,417.
Overall score of 9.22 for 2011 democracy index gives Australia the rank 6. Electoral process receives score 10, score 8.93 for government functioning, political participation attains 7.78, political culture has score 9.38, and civil liberties has got score of 10. Australia stays on same rank 6 with same scores of 9.22 for both years of 2010 and 2011. Its capital is “Canberra” and population is 22,699,676. Its nominal GDP is $1.235 trillion with $55,589 per capita income.
5. New Zealand
In 2011 New Zealand maintains its rank 5 with same scores of 9.26 as in 2010. Electoral process has got score 10, government functioning is 9.29, political participation has 8.89, political culture is on score 8.13, and score for civil liberties is 10. Capital of New Zealand is “Wellington”. It has population of 4,393,500. Per capita is $32,145 and nominal GDP is $140.434 billion.
In 2010 and 2011 democracy index for Sweden remains the same on rank 4 with constant overall score of 9.50. Electoral process got 9.58, government functioning is 9.64, political participation is 8.89, political culture is 9.38 and civil liberties got 10 scoring. Capital of Sweden is “Stockholm”. Its population is 9,354,462. Nominal GDP is $443.718 Billion with per capita income $47,934.
In both years 2010 and 2011, Denmark attains rank 3 with same scoring of 9.52. Electoral process got 10 score, government functioning attains 9.64, political participation is 8.89, political culture receives 9.38 and civil liberties is 9.71. Denmark’s capital city is “Copenhagen”. Population of country is 5,564,219 having a nominal GDP of $310.760 Billion with $56,147 per capita.
Iceland stays on rank 2 for years, 2010 and 2011, by maintaining score of 9.65. Electoral process receives 10 score, government functioning has got 9.64, political participation maintains at 8.89, political culture is 10 and civil liberties achieves the score 9.71. Capital of Iceland is “Reykjavik”. It has a population of 318,452. Per capita is $39,025 and nominal GDP is $12.594 Billion.
Constantly for 2010 and 2011, Norway is on rank 1 with a maintained overall score of 9.80. Electoral process achieves the score10, government functioning maintains at 9.64, political participation stays at score 10, political culture has got 9.38 and civil liberties attains the score 10. Capital of Norway is “Oslo”. Its population is 4,984,100. Nominal GDP is $414.462 Billion with per capita income $84,443.