Since the beginning earth is having changes in weather conditions. And when it gets to its extreme, it causes a disaster. That disaster ruins the lives of the affected people. It cannot be stopped completely, but it can be prevented or avoided. Technology has been developed so far to predict the forthcoming natural disaster and its intensity to the possible accurate extent. But with all that prevention sometimes it so happens Mostly that everything gets finished in a minute’s time.
Each year in some parts of the world abrupt natural changes causes disaster, so in the year 2011 too, the world met floods, tornadoes, droughts, earthquakes and possibly every weather disaster that exists. Economies get badly affected by these disasters, but the misery is marked into the history.
Let’s have a look at the world’s most worst and Mostly natural disasters that inflicted in the year 2011.
10. Pakistan floods
On tenth place it’s the floods in Pakistan. Due to heavy monsoon rainfalls, flooding started from 11th August covering areas of Southern Punjab, Sindh and South-West Baluchistan. It caused death of 412 people making 1172 injuries and additionally affected 8.2 million people. Damaged lands were 7.987 million acres and destroyed crops were 2.3 million acres.
9. Rio de Janeiro floods, Brazil
Ninth place is for the floods that occurred in Brazil. Heavy rains in Brazil caused flooding and on 11th January massive mudslides and floods in the Mountainous Region of the state of Rio de Janeiro rendered 23000 homeless. For recovering the damages, officials made an estimate of at least $1.2 billion. In 24 hours 144mm of rains were recorded in the city of Teresópolis, which was greater than the average rainfall of January.
8. Turkey earthquake
An earthquake with the magnitude 7.1 hit eastern Turkey on 23rd October and it was followed by more than 200 shocks. Over 2000 buildings were destroyed in Van and Ercis cities’. It claimed almost 600 peoples’ lives. On 9th November another earthquake was experienced which took away 38 lives and collapsed 25 buildings.
7. North Australian floods
Seventh number is given to the North Australian floods, which were the result of the storms that started in December 2010 and continued till January 2011, mainly targeting the state of Queensland. 11900 houses, infrastructure and crops had worse damages. Death causality was of 35 people. The speculated damages by economists are about $30 billion. In December 2011, Australia is still having winds of 130 kilometer per hour with torrential rains from ex-Cyclone Grant.
6. New Zealand earthquakes
Earthquake with 6.3 magnitude striking 10 km outside Christchurch on 22nd February was experienced in New Zealand and it took away 182 lives. Canterbury Television building, Christchurch’s hospital, Cathedral, and provincial buildings were badly damaged. IMF estimated that $15 billion will be the required restoration cost, which is more than the burden due to Kobe and Chile’s quake in 1995 and 2010 respectively. On 13th June an earth quake of 6.4 magnitudes was followed which injured 40 people and on 23rd December an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 was experienced, no serious injuries were reported for that quake.
5. Thailand floods
The position as five is given to the floods which Thailand experienced that started from 31st of July and persisted till December. More than 5th of the nation’s population got affected by extensive flooding. The death toll exceeded 600. Still 15 provinces are flooded. World Bank estimated the damage cost to be $45 billion and the rehabilitation will need $25 billion. Due to this heavy flooding Thailand’s tourism is expected to have a great loss of $520-$825 million. Hard drive industry got severely damaged which could lead to the 10% worldwide increase in the price of the hard drives.
4. US tornado breakout
In 2011 United States witnessed various weather disasters which resulted in damages of about $1 billion and causality of 600 deaths. Mainly affected area included Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, North California and Tennessee. 362 tornados were experienced just from 25th – 27th April, which killed almost 350 people in Alabama and 6 other states. An EF5 with a speed of 175 miles per hour, the tornado in Alabama, came after the rainfall of winter and snow thus causing land to saturate and higher water levels in the river. Estimated losses were more than $10.2 billion. At Joplin, Missouri in May EF5 with winds that range from 190-198 miles per hour, causing almost 160 deaths and approximate damages of $3 billion.
3. Typhoon (tropical storm) Washi, Philippines
On December 19th a storm with the wind speed of 45-55miles per hour hit Mindanao in southern Philippines and affected 167,000 people. It was followed by a down pour causing landslides and flashy floods. Washi claimed approximately 1500 lives and 338,000 people in 259 villages got displaced and a total of 10,345 houses got damaged.
2. East Africa drought
Second rank is assigned to the drought in East Africa since mid of July 2011 including Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Somalia and Djibouti. Livestock killed and crops got destroyed due to the scarcity of rains. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that about 13.3 million people are in dire need of assistance and support. Killing more than 100 children in a day, in some areas the current drought is reported to be the worst drought in over 60 years.
1. Tohoko earthquake, Japan
The massive damaged caused by the Tohoko earthquake which hit Japan on March 11th and killed almost 16000 people. It is the largest earth quake in Japan’s history with a magnitude 9.0 and is regarded as one of the 5 most powerful and devastating earthquake in the world. Coastal communities and thousands of homes got wiped by 23 feet tsunami and 100s of aftershocks. It also ended the power lines. It resulted in the worrisome explosion in Fukushima nuclear power plant. Nuclear safety agency of Japan reported that reactor radiation increased up to 1000 times whereas some seeped out. Authorities say that damage decommissioning and leaking of Fukushima plant will take more 3 or 4 decades