The age of scientific revolution can be traced back to the early 1600’s till the end of the 18th century, as these were the times when some of the most radical inventions were made. With the incorporation of the scientific ideas into the social and political spheres, the output came to be known as the age of enlightenment. But the feature which distinguished this era from the previous ones was the presence of genius and intelligent individuals who devoted more than half of their lives in order to give the world something new. With such radical inventions, the scientists and explorers mapped out the entire universe and brought in the element of comfort plus innovation into the lives of all humans. These new and startling inventions indeed changed the way we view the world around us. So, in recognition to their services I have formulated a list of the 10 inventions that changed the world.
10. The Plow
In comparison, to all other technology based inventions of our times, the plow seems to be very primitive in terms of its functions, but still this invention was the one that paved the path of all other inventions. It was used to carve furrows into the soil, thus making the work quite easy and faster. With the passage of times, numerous modifications in its design empowered the farmers to harvest much more food than before.
9. The Wheel
Believed to be invented in the year 3100 B.C, the wheel had made the transportation of all materials quite easier and faster than before. Although today’s generation does not give it that much importance, but still this invention was the basis of all the latest vehicles that are being used. Just imagine a car without a wheel.
8. The Printing Press
Although the invention of paper had been made by the Chinese thousands of years ago, still it was the printing process that helped in recording loads and loads of information on paper. Before this invention, the making of books was a very expensive process and only a few privileged class individuals were able to afford buying them. But the mass production brought about by the printing press, resulted in the diffusion of information and knowledge like never before.
Everyone likes to have a chilled coke, but nobody likes to think about the individuals responsible for making that possible. There is no single person behind the invention of Refrigeration, but still two individuals can be credited for this invention whose names are Oliver Evans and Carl Von Linde. It was because of their designs that these days we have the most sophisticated and efficient refrigerators.
6. Communication Devices
Ever imagined life without a telephone, telegraph, television and radio? The formulation of the communication technologies and networks has always been continual in the past 100 years or so. Samuel Morse invented the Electric Telegraph. Graham Bell invented the Telephone and John Logie Baird invented the Television. Radio was invented by Guglielmo Marconi. “Bravo” to all these men.
5. Steam Engine
It can be said the steam engine was a part of the industrial revolution. Before this invention, transportation mechanisms were quite slow and were also unable to transport large amounts of goods to other places. But Thomas Newcomen’s invention, the first practical steam engine, changed the modes of transportation forever. Till now most of the electric power plants, use hundreds of steam turbines for power generation which indeed elucidates the importance of Newcomen’s and Watt’s engines.
The first automobile is believed to be created by Karl Benz in the year 1885. This invention was not so expensive, so many were able to afford this automobile. With the passage of time the prices went further down and now almost everyone can think of buying a personal automobile. So, this invention is in fact the one that mobilized the people and empowered to go anywhere anytime.
3. Light Bulb
Although many people think that a single person is responsible for an invention, but in reality there are a number of people who should be credited for. Same is the case with the invention made by Thomas Edison. It is the light bulb that made the work at night possible and accommodative. Today, all the electrically powered devices use idea of the Light Bulb in one way or the other. All the credit goes to Thomas Edison and others who were working on the concept in the 1870’s.
I will not be sharing with you the definition and functions of a computer as you already know about them. Like most of the inventions, there is no single person that can be credited entirely for the development of the computer, but still it is believed that Charles Babbage and Alan Turing were the major contributors in the making of this machine which brought the whole world on your tips and in front of you on a glass sheet. Blaise Pascal is also regarded as one of the contributors to the development of computing devices like his Calculator.
The credit for building a mobile network of computers goes to the organization named as DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). It was a purely military organization that made the first network of computers. Inspired from this network, the entire internet infrastructure was built and spread all over the world. The concept and designs of TCP/IP was given and applied in the 1970’s by a group of scientists and computer engineers. Regardless of the merits and de-merits of this invention, still it is the biggest invention ever.